Once the foundation is complete, we can than move on to the next stage in our project. Frame the shed walls. Before you start to frame the shed walls, you want to make sure all the material you need to finish the walls is as close to where the framing will be performed. This will save you time by having everything in one place rather than having to spend extra time searching out your material.
How To Layout And Frame The Shed Walls
If you’ve done everything correct in building the shed foundation and/or the framing of the floor, (if your using piers or skids) you should have a foundation or shed floor that’s square. When it comes to laying out a building of any size, you want to make sure that walls run parallel and perpendicular to one another. Determine which walls are the front and back and which wall are the sides.
When laying out the walls, make sure that the front and back walls of the shed run through. For example, if you have a shed where the front and back is 10′ and the sides are 8′, than the front and back of the shed walls will be cut to 10′ exactly and the side walls will be cut 7′-5″ since they will fit between the front and back walls.
Step 1: The first thing you want to do is take your chalk line and snap lines on the floor to show where the walls of the shed will be placed. Starting at one corner, (either the front or the back walls of the shed) take your tape measure and hook one corner of the building and make a mark on the floor at 3 1/2″ in from that corner.
This will be where one side wall will be located. Now extend the tape out to what the full length of the front or back will be and make a mark that is 3 1/2″ in from the end. This will be mark the location of the other side wall. Do this for both the front and back walls and take your chalk line and snap the lines that will show the location of the side walls.
Now that you have marked where the side walls are, do the same thing for the front and back walls by hooking one end of the building and marking the location of the front and back walls at 3 1/2″ in from the corner and than measuring the total length of the side walls and marking 3 1/2″ back from the corner. Snap these two lines for the front and back walls.
Step 2: Now we can begin the building process. Take the material that will be used for the top and bottom plates of the walls and cut 4 sets of walls. One set consists of 2 2×4′s that are nailed together with 2 8d nails, one at each end of the wall to hold them together temporarily. Cut 2 sets of walls. One set for the front and one set for the back walls. Then, cut 2 sets for the side walls. The front and back walls should measure the same and the side walls should measure the same.
Step 3: With the walls placed on end and sitting in place on the floor where they will be standing once completed, you can now mark on the wall plates where the studs, windows and doors will be located. Take your tape measure and mark the doors and windows first, then mark the studs. Studs are normally framed at 16″ oc and are made with an X to locate the studs. For those of you who are a little confused about how to layout a wall, I found a video that does a pretty good job at explaining how to layout studs at 16″ oc.
If your using some kind of plywood siding on your shed, make sure to mark a stud at 4′ oc around the whole building to allow backing for exterior plywood to be nailed to. If you don’t, you’ll have to come back and add them later.
Step 4: Now that are walls are laid out we can go ahead and frame the shed walls. The best way to do this is to construct the walls right there on the floor. This gives you a nice flat surface to build on. Begin by taking the wall studs and placing them where you have and X or T. Cut any headers that you will need for doors or windows and place them where they will be needed.
Next, take the wall plates that you are working on and split them apart. Take the top plate and move it to the top of the studs that you have laid out on the floor. What you should now have is a top and bottom plate separated by the studs in between them with nothing nailed together.
Now nail all the studs to the bottom plate by nailing each stud with 2 16d nails, starting from one end of the wall and working your way down to the other end of the wall nailing each stud as you go. Do the same with the top plate by nailing the studs in the same manner as the bottom. Be sure to nail a stud in each corner for backing. This provides something to nail one wall to the other.
Cut any material needed for headers, sills, trimmers or top and bottom cripples for doors and windows. Now go ahead and frame the shed walls that are left.
Step 5: As soon as the walls are finished, you can go ahead and stand them up in the place where they belong. Add a second top plate where the ends overlap the other walls and secure with 2 16d nails. Once you have all four walls nailed together, they need to be plumbed and lined. First off, nail a 16d nail in each bay down to the floor joist beneath.
Next, place a 2×4 in each corner running at a diagonal around 45 degrees from the top plate down to the floor. Only nail the top part of the brace and leave the bottom loose for now. Once you have a temporary brace in each corner, take your level and place it on the outside of the wall you want to plumb.
Check the level to see if you need to push the wall one way or the other. Check each end of the wall for plumb. Once you’ve got the result you want go ahead and put some nails in the brace to hold the wall in place. Usually 2 into the bottom plate and one in each stud along the diagonal. Do this for all remaining walls.
Step 6: You’ll that depending on how large your shed is, you might not have to do this last step. Take your ladder and set it up so that you can sight down the top of the walls. If you notice a bow in the wall either going in or out, you can take a piece of 2×4 and attach it to a stud in the place where the bow is at the top of the wall just beneath the plates.
Run the 2×4 down to the opposite wall. Now pull the wall in or push it out until the wall is in line and nail the 2×4 in place to hold it. We will leave it in place until the roof is on and nailed off.
Well, that’s how you frame the shed walls. The next task is to complete the roof structure and then were onto the exterior finish. Were half way through with building our outdoor shed. For the next phase of our build a shed series just click on framing the shed roof.
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